Individual freedom versus collective responsibility:
An ethicist's perspective
25 September 2006
à paraître dans BIOMEDICAL
Philosophical theories of collective action have produced a number of alternative accounts of the rationality and morality of self-interest and altruism.
These have obvious applications to communicable disease control, the avoidance of antibiotic resistance, the responsibility of healthcare professionals to patients with serious communicable diseases, and the sharing of personal data in epidemiological research.
There is no problem more central ethics than the question “Why should I be moral?” An influential way of posing this question is to put this in terms of selfinterest.
Why should I act in a way which is, or seems to me to be, contrary to my own personal interests, even where this may produce benefits, or avoid harm, to another person or group? There are a number of different theories of ethics which attempt to answer this question....
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